Parish Details for Penzance St Mary
Penzance St Mary was first mentioned in 1327. This ecclesiastical parish was formally created in 1871 although it had long had its own chapel and been registered since the new church was built in 1832 when it was separated from Madron parish. The parish of St Mary, now united with that of St Paul for ecclesiastical purposes, is now a part of Penzance Borough for civil purposes. Penzance was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086 under the manor of Alverton and was the main town in Madron parish. It was split ecclesiastically from Madron in 1835. The Borough of Penzance is bordered on three sides by the parish of Madron and on the fourth by Mount's Bay. It was incorporated as a Borough by King James I on 9th May 1615. The town and port of Penzance became the centre of trade and activity in the west of Cornwall. There was a Coinage Hall for coining tin, a Customs House, a collector of taxes and many trades in support of shipping. The news of Nelson's naval victory at Trafalgar was first proclaimed in Penzance after news arrived from a passing naval ship. Although the Borough was originally part of Madron parish, it now consists of three ecclesiastic parishes and is ecclesiastically quite separate from Madron.